Grape Wine Manufacturing

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Grape Wine Manufacturing, Of course, grape wine production is a highly capital intensive business. However, the business is lucrative too. Any individual can start this business with substantial capital investment. We can say this is a medium to large scale business. Also, you must have a proper business plan or project report in hand before starting this business.

Grape wine is fermented grape juice. Broadly, there are three different types of wines. These are fortified, sparkling and table. Generally, fortified wines have higher alcohol content (around 14 to 30%). However, these are less perishable and you can get them stable without pasteurization.

Scope of Grape Wine business

Crushing the whole clusters of fresh ripe grapes is traditionally the next step in the winemaking process. Today, mechanical crushers perform the time-honoured tradition of stomping or trodding the grapes into what is commonly referred to as must. For thousands of years, it was men and women who performed the harvest dance in barrels and presses that began grape juice’s magical transformation from concentrated sunlight and water held together in clusters of fruit to the most healthful and mystical of all beverages – wine.

How much demand in the market for Grape Wine?

The wine market is projected to register a CAGR of 4.28% during the forecast period, 2021- 2026.

As per Mordor Intelligence’s analysis, COVID-19 made a major impact on the wine industry due to the forced closure of on-trade wineries in various countries such as the United States, the United Kingdom, India, and others to control the impact of the pandemic.

What Raw material required for Grape Wine making?

As mentioned above, the wine grape itself contains all the necessary ingredients for wine: pulp, juice, sugars, acids, tannins, and minerals. However, some manufacturers add yeast to increase strength and cane or beet sugar to increase alcoholic content.

Before the Grape Wine industry start-up what you need to know ?

Grape Wine making

Step 1 Crushing

First of all, pick up the grapes by hand and transfer them to the crusher. The crusher punches the grapes and transfers it to a de-juicer to get the pulp from the juice. While the skin, the stems and other remains from the crushing are used as manure. Then you can send the juice for fermentation.

Maceration (the time spent while skins and seeds are left with the juice) will go on for a few hours or a few weeks. Pressing will then occur.

One way to press the grapes is to use a “bladder press,” a large cylindrical container that contains bags that are inflated and deflated several times, each time gently squeezing the grapes until all the juice has run free, leaving behind the rest of the grapes. You can also separate solids from juice through the use of a centrifuge.

Step 2 Fermentation

Chill the grape juice first in a combination of stainless steel tanks and oak barrels and then fermented by adding yeast. This process is called the first fermentation of wine and it takes about 8 weeks.

Step 3 Maturation

Store the first fermentation wine further in tanks and/or oak barrels for 6- 8 months for maturation.

Step 4 Bottling

Once the mature wine is ready, stabilize it through cold treatment. After testing the stability of the wine, it then is filtered to screen the balance of fine particles. Then you can pack the filtered wine in bottles, which are washed internally and externally with double filtered water to remove bacteria and germs.

Can we get funds from bank for Grape Wine manufacturing business?

Financial assistance is available from NABARD. And you can avail assistance regarding export from APEDA. However, for cheaper quality fortified wine, there is a requirement of an investment of Rs 1.25 crore and Rs 2.5 crore per 100 KL.

Is Grape Wine good for health or not?

Red wine — made from crushed dark grapes — is a relatively rich source of resveratrol, a natural antioxidant in the skin of grapesAntioxidants reduce oxidative stress in the body. Oxidative stress has clear links with many diseases, including cancers and heart disease

If you are thinking to start Grape Wine manufacturing business , what are chances of success?

profit margin depends on where it’s sold. Restaurants and bars have around a 70% profit margin on wine, while retailers are typically between 30–50%. Distributors and wholesalers tend to have a wine profit margin of around 28–30%, and producers and vineyards will make about 50% gross margin. Psychological pricing often has a lot to do with it.

Major countries where Grape Wine are produce

Wine is and always has been enmeshed in certain cultures while completely ignored or even outright banned by others. Many cultures in Asia and sub-Saharan Africa (except for the renowned wine-growing country of South Africa) do not have a history of wine consumption and so tend to prefer other beverages. 

Major state of India where Grape Wine are produced

 Major states in the country for wine grapes and wine production are Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Madhya Pradesh, Himachal Pradesh and northeastern States. The paper covers, in brief, the development of the wine industry in India before 2000 and after including an ancient period of wine in India. 

Grape Wine marketing strategies

India is a large market for grape wine. Besides, the market is growing very fast. Nowadays, consumers can buy good quality wines from supermarkets and shopping malls. Besides, online selling allows customers to get the products at their doorsteps. Earlier the choice was limited. Now there are over 200 wine labels available in Mumbai alone. Also, there is a growing demand for Indian wines outside the country.

The availability of good quality Indian wine at half the price has resulted in a continuous increase in demand. Gradual awareness of the basic difference between wines and hard drinks is also helping the wine industry. Thus, India provides a large virgin market for wine. Therefore, we can say grape wine production is a profitable business for entrepreneurs.

What investment require to start Grape Wine manufacturing business?

The requirement of finance for setting up a grape wine factory varies between Rs 4 crore and Rs 7.5 crore per 100,000 litres (100 KL). And this includes land, building, plant and machinery, and working capital but excludes marketing costs or costs for buying land and setting up vineyards.

What machinery required to start Grape Wine manufacturing business?

A 10000 Sq Ft area of land is sufficient for starting the factory operation. However, you must provide specific spaces for production, packaging, raw materials storage, finished goods storage, and transportation bay. Choose a factory location carefully. Also, you will need to provide utilities like electricity, water, and human resources. Major required machines are

  • Boiler
  • Washing Tanks(Steel) with jet washing system
  • Screw Type Juice extractor
  • Hydraulic Press (Rack & Cloth Type) Cap. 5 Tones pressure, 2 racks and 2 Trays
  • Fermenter (SS) along with cooling and heating systems
  • Filter Press Complete with gear pump size 8*6 ft cap
  • Air Condition
  • Semiautomatic Bottle Washing Plant
  • Automatic Bottle Filling and Crown corking
  • Carbonator
  • Empty CO2 Cylinder
  • Water Storage Tank Cap.
  • Bottle Pasteurization Tunnel
  • Semiautomatic Labelling Machine
  • Maturity Tanks/oakwood Barrels
  • Yeast Culture Room
  • Steam Pan Tanks
  • Misc. equipment such as trays, wooden working tables, different types of knives, slicer, punches, crates, baskets, drums, weighing scales with a measure of different capacities, etc.

What planning required to start Grape Wine manufacturing business ?

  • First of all, certification under the PFA Act and FPO are necessary. You must obtain permission from the state and Central Govt.
  • Registration of the firm with ROC is essential in this business.
  • Obtain BIS certification for ISI mark
  • Register your brand name with Trademark
  • Check the VAT & Excise registration.

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