milk processing industry: Milk is highly perishable because it is an excellent medium for the growth of microorganisms – particularly bacterial pathogens. This can cause spoilage and diseases in consumers. processing allows the preservation of milk for days, weeks or months and helps to reduce food-borne illness.
MILK PROCUREMENT AND milk processing
The organized dairy sector (both cooperatives and private) is presently handling only
10-12 per cent of total milk production in the country. The target and achievements of
milk production, procurement and processing in the cooperative sector by the end of VIII
A five-year plan is given in Annexure-II. Thus it indicates, there is a wide scope for
processing of milk and manufacture of milk products for domestic consumption as well
EXPORT POTENTIAL AND MARKETS of milk processing
Bangladesh, United Arab Emirates, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Oman are the potential
countries for the export of malted milk products, butter and ghee. The export of milk and
milk products to currently existing markets would increase to Rs.285 million and to new
markets to Rs. 155 million. Thus the exports are likely to touch Rs.440 million (APEDA
estimates) by the turn of the century.
The machinery required in the milk processing business
i). Milk Chilling plants:
It involves the collection of milk from the villages, chilling the milk to 3-4 degree Celsius and
transporting to the main dairy for further processing and manufacture of products;
ii). Market Milk Plants:
It involves procurement of milk from the villages, chilling, pasteurization,
homogenization, packing of milk of various brands (whole, standard, toned and double
toned milk) and supplying them to the consumers. The surplus fat is converted into
ghee or table butter or sold as a cream to bakeries;
iii). Composite Milk Processing Plants :
The project involves the collection of milk and processing into market milk and products
like milk powder, cheese, butter, ghee, etc.;
The raw material required in the milk processing business
The principal raw material is milk. The extent of milk shed area, milch animal population, average milk yield, percentage of animals in milk, marketed surplus, etc will determine the size of the plant. The method of procurement, transportation of milk and input supply to the farmers is required to be highlighted. The availability of other inputs such as packing materials, disinfectants and consumable should be ascertained.
Is milk good for health?
Milk can be good for the bones because it provides vitamin D and calcium. In fact, it may help prevent osteoporosis.
Some researchers trusted Source has found that older adults who consume more dairy products have a higher amount of glutathione, a powerful antioxidant, in the brain.
Those who consumed three daily servings of milk and milk products had antioxidant levels that were approximately 30% higher than those of adults who had less than half a serving per day.
Blood pressure and heart health
A higher potassium intake and a lower sodium intake are important for reducing the risk of cardiovascular disease, according to the AHA.
In 2014, scientists published their finding trusted Source after looking at the data of more than 90,000 postmenopausal women. Around 25% of the women who consumed the most potassium had a 21% lower risk of any type of stroke and a 27% lower risk of ischemic stroke.
However, the saturated fat in full-fat dairy products can increase the risk of atherosclerosis and heart disease. For this reason, people at risk of stroke or cardiovascular disease should opt for skim or low-fat milk.
Adequate vitamin D levels support the production of serotonin, a hormone associated with mood, appetite, and sleep.
The finding trusted Source of a 2019 meta-analysis indicates that vitamin D supplementation may help people with major depression to manage their symptoms. However, the researchers called for more studies to confirm these findings.
Muscle building and weight loss
Providing about 8 g per cup, milk is a good source of protein, which is necessary for repairing body tissues and preserving or increasing lean muscle mass.
A diet that includes an adequate amount of protein can enhanceTrusted Source wound healing, and it may lead to an increase in muscle mass. It may also promote weight loss, but further studies are needed to confirm this.
People who wish to lose weight should opt for skim or low fat milk, and they should be mindful of their total daily calorie intake if consuming full-fat milk.
What is protein and why do we need it? Learn more here.
Investment required for milk processing business
i) Ample space is required for buildings, future expansion, parking of transport vehicles and for empty cans. About two acres of land is required for a milk processing plant handling about 10000 litres of milk per day (8 hours). However, the built-up area to total the area should be around a 1:3 ratio;
ii) The location of a plant should be close to the milk-producing area in case of products manufacturing unit and if liquid milk is the main product it should be close to the consumer;
iii) The location of the site should have proximity to road/rail facilities, services, such as water, electricity and effluent mains, social infrastructure, etc.
iv) The subsoil of the site should be firm with proper drainage.
From the above information, you might have understood the benefits of milk. Milk is necessary for all houses. So, Don’t worry you will get enough profit. Therefore, For earning you need deep knowledge and training.
Just click the below link ..
Milk product processing industry training program[wpcdt-countdown id=”487″]